According to Hon’ble Power Minister Sushilkumar Shinde, India is going to be the 3rd largest energy consumer by 2020. To meet this challenge, India needs to increase the domestic supply source focusing on renewable source of energy and focus on demand side management & energy efficient measures.
However, this means that an increase in emission level in the country. But India only accounts for hardly 3% of global emissions as compared to the US, Europe and Canada which accounts to a cumulative 30%. There are various measures that Indian government has adopted such as levying a green cess of $6 (Rs.400) per tonne of coal, initiating Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana covering five crore rural poor households for free cooking connections, adopting Bharat VI emission norms and 900 projects worth around Rs.600,000 crore investments for environmental clearance.